What Are Some Common Skin Conditions?
The skin is the largest organ in the body and like other organs is subject to all manner of disorders. Though not any skin conditions are life threatening, they can be uncomfortable and mortifying for people who suffer from them, especially those skin conditions that affect the face. Hera are some common skin conditions.
Eczema is one of the most common skin conditions in babies. It is a catch-all phrase for a group of conditions that are inflammation and redness in the skin. In a baby this presents as scaly, red, itchy patches on the cheeks, the scalp and the face. They are so itchy that the baby may scratch himself incessantly to relieve it and be kept awake because of it. Treatments are geared toward easing the itching and the inflammation and to control any infection that may have arisen because of the baby’s scratching himself. Usually, eczema in babies goes away by the time the child is about two years old.
Psoriasis happens when the upper layer of skin cells grow too quickly and don’t slough off the way they should. This causes silvery scales to develop in patches on the skin. Eventually, the patches crack and become painful. It is not contagious and mostly affects the skin around the scalp, elbows, knees, back, arms, toenails and fingernails. It usually begins in young adulthood. Some medical experts believe that psoriasis is a type of autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks its own cells. People with the disease can have long periods of remission followed by flare-ups. The disease is not curable but responds well to treatment, including light therapy.
Shingles occurs when the virus that caused chicken pox earlier in the patient’s life becomes active after lying dormant along the nerve pathways. The virus can lie dormant for decades and so usually strikes people over 50.
Shingles often strikes when the patient is under stress or when their immune system is compromised. It presents as painful red blisters on one side of the body. The pain is described as burning. Fortunately, there are now vaccines to protect against the disease.
Acne occurs when pores become clogged with debris and a fatty substance called sebum in the skin. Bacteria feed on this and cause inflammation. Though acne can appear on the chest and back, it is notorious as one of the skin conditions on face. Acne responds well to topical treatments that contain derivatives of vitamin A.