These days, many individuals have become increasingly concerned about the likelihood of breast cancer surfacing in their lives. If you want to prevent breast cancer from manifesting in your body, it’s important to gain as much information about the disease as possible. You can utilize the data found in this quick reference guide to do so:
Breast Cancer Development
As with all types of cancer, breast cancer transpires when abnormal cells multiply uncontrollably. Breast cancer begins in the breast tissue, primarily in the ductal carcinoma (milk ducts) or the lobular carcinoma (glands). In some cases, the cancer may travel to other regions of the body. However, if it was discovered in the breasts, it will still be treated as breast cancer. This type of cancer can also be referred to as advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
Typically, breast cancer starts with the development of a tiny, confined lump (tumor). It can also begin as microcalcifications (calcium deposits). These lumps or calcium deposits will then spread through the breasts, into the lymph nodes, or through the sufferer’s blood stream. In some cases, the tumor can grow and then invade tissues that surround the breast, including the chest wall and skin. There are several different kinds of breast cancer, and they can grow at differing rates.
Breast Cancer Staging
- Stage 0 – At this point, the cancer has been diagnosed. It began in the milk glands or breast ducts and remains there. In some cases, the word situ, which means “in the original place,” is applied.
- Stage I – At this stage, breast cancer is referred to as invasive. This means it has broken free and is now attacking the individual’s healthy tissue.
- Stage 1A – At this stage, the cancer spreads into the sufferer’s breast tissue. In some cases, there is no tumor. In other cases, the tumor is as small as a peanut.
- Stage IB – In this case, some of the cancer cells have been located in a few of the sufferer’s lymph nodes.
- Stage II – At this point, the cancer has spread, grown, or both.
- Stage IIA – At this stage, the breast tumor is still tiny if it exists. The cancer may have spread to up to three lymph nodes, but it may also be entirely absent.
- Stage III – This stage of cancer is considered advanced. It is more challenging to fight.
- Stage IV – Here, the breast cancer cells have moved from the lymph nodes and breasts to other regions of the body such as the brain, liver, lungs, and bones.
Breast Cancer Symptoms
- A lump in the underarm or breast.
- Armpit swelling.
- Pain in the breast.
- A noticeable indentation or flattening of the breast.
- Changes in the nipple. This could include ulceration, a burning sensation, itching, dimpling, or a retraction.
It’s important to note that being diagnosed with breast cancer does not always prove fatal. In fact, breast cancer survival rates indicate that 100% survive at Stage 1, 93% at Stage 2, 72% at Stage III, and 22% at Stage IV.
Breast Cancer Treatment
There are several types of breast cancer treatment. Some of them include:
- Breast Cancer Surgery
- Hormone Therapy
- Targeted Therapy
Breast Cancer Prevention
There are several ways to prevent breast cancer, and one of the best is through diet and exercise. By eating cancer-fighting foods like fruits and vegetables, you can decrease your susceptibility to the condition. Exercising regularly is also a wonderful weight management tool which can prevent the disease from manifesting in your body. You can learn more about prevention strategies during your breast cancer screening.