The Three Types of Symptoms That Identify ADHD
There are three types of ADHD based on symptoms which can affect adults as well as children and is not always the stereotype of the little boy with out-of-control behavior.
The three types are the following:
Inattention or ADHD Without Hyperactivity
In order to be diagnosed with ADHD inattentive subtype, six or more of the following behaviors must be seen for children up to age 16, and five or more over age 17;
- Has trouble paying attention to schoolwork, job tasks or during play periods.
- Frequently has trouble getting organized for tasks and other activities.
- Often doesn’t seem to pay attention when spoken to.
- Easily distracted.
- Attention to details is low, and makes careless mistakes at work or doing schoolwork.
- Loses focus, and fails to complete schoolwork, job tasks and chores. Has trouble following instructions.
- Forgetful in routine daily activities.
- Misplaces items needed to function, such as keys, school necessities like pencils, papers and books, wallets, glasses and phones.
- Dislikes and avoids work that requires a long-term mental effort, such as homework or job project.
The ADHD inattentive subtype is more common in girls. They appear to be daydreaming, and they have trouble focusing on what the teacher is saying. They also procrastinate, and have trouble following conversations and will abruptly change the topic. Social rules are not always followed. ADHD in children can lead to anxiety and/or depression, and social rejection.
ADHD Impulsivity Examples and Hyperactivity
To be diagnosed with ADHD with hyperactivity/impusivity, the symptoms must be present for at least six months, and be detrimental to being at a normal developmental level. At least six of the following behaviors must be present for children up to age 16, and at least five be present in teens age 17 and adults:
- Fidgets, squirms in seat, taps hands and feet.
- Moves around the room when inappropriate.
- Talks non-stop.
- Cannot play quietly.
- Blurts out answers to questions before question is finished.
- Butts into games, conversations.
- Has trouble taking turns.
- Runs around, climbs on furniture as well as outdoor objects when not appropriate. This may be seen as restlessness in teens and adults.
- Has trouble staying seated.
In addition, adults may have these behaviors:
- Time management problems.
- Excessive activity.
- Low frustration tolerance.
- Mood swings.
- Hot temper.
- Lower coping skills with stress.
- Trouble multitasking.
- Planning problems.
There are different types of ADHD rating scales used by teachers, parents and providers. Some are found on the internet.