Signs and Symptoms of ADHD in Adults and Children
ADHD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is often diagnosed after a child or adult has behaviors that are disruptive to their school, social or work situations. There are a two types of ADHD. One is marked by hyperactivity while the other is not. It can be tough to diagnose ADHD in children because the symptoms are often mistaken for normal kid-like behavior.
ADHD Symptoms in Children
- Inattention – Children who are unable to concentrate in school, miss homework assignments or are unable to interact with classmates can be suffering from inattention. This is a symptom of ADHD.
- Hyperactivity – A child who is hyperactive is constantly in motion. They are fidgeting, talking or moving at inappropriate times. They always seem to interrupt as if they can’t sit still and wait to be called upon in class.
- Impulsive – Children with ADHD are unable to delay gratification for items. They make hasty decisions without thinking through the consequences. They desire immediate rewards.
Adults with ADHD Symptoms
While many people can claim some inattention to details occasionally, ADHD in adults is marked by increased likelihood of inattention. They’ll make careless mistakes while at work. They’re unable to focus on conversations with colleagues, seemingly forget tasks they are given at work and don’t follow directions in group situations. People suffering from ADHD are often easily distracted and sidetracked.
While science is unsure of the cause of ADHD, it can be associated with exposure to environmental toxins at a young age like lead paint. It can occur as a result of alcohol use and cigarette smoking during pregnancy.
Treatment for ADHD
One of the most common types of ADHD treatment is the use of medications. Stimulants are often used to relieve the symptoms of ADHD like inattention and distracted thinking. The stimulants increase the chemicals like norepinephrine and dopamine that have an impact on that area of the brain.
In other people with ADHD, non-stimulants are more effective. They’ll improve focus, impulsivity and inattention. Anyone with ADHD has to be under the care and supervision of a doctor or therapist to make sure they are taking the correct medication. It can take a few tries to find the right medication to treat a particular person.
ADHD in adults and children must be diagnosed before it can be treated. It can often be quite difficult to diagnose because everyone occasionally has issues with inattention and impulsivity. After diagnosis, treatment can consist of therapy as well as medications to treat it.